Projects and your organization can influence which development approach predictive, adaptive and hybrid to take. We will be look at each of these. All lessons are based on the PMBOK®, 6th and 7th Edition.
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No matter which development approach you use, predictive, adaptive and hybrid, there are phases within the project life cycle. Organizations or industries may name them differently but here are the baselines:
· Feasibility: It determines if the business case is valid and if the organization can deliver the intended outcome
· Design: The planning and analysis that lead to the design of the project deliverable that will be developed
· Build: The construction of the deliverable, integrated with quality assurance activities
· Test: The final quality review and inspection of the deliverables that are done before either transitioning, going live or acceptance by the customer
· Deploy: The project deliverables are put into use and the activities such as benefits realization, change management, etc are completed
· Close: The project is closed, project knowledge and artifacts are archived, project team members are released and contracts are closed
Project phases often have a phase gate review or stage gate to check that the desired outcomes or exit criteria for the phase have been achieved before proceeding to the next phase.
Now that we got the main phases of a project lifecyle, there is an order that is done depending on the development approach. For example a predictive life cycle will go from feasibility, design, build, test, deploy then close. A life cycle that uses incremental development approach may start with a concept, then go from plan, design build. Once that piece is built, then it goes back to plan, design, build, etc. The life cycle will keep going until it’s closed.
Now in a life cycle using an adaptive development approach, you define the project and product vision in the beginning. Then as you work on the project, you set up iterations or sprints. At the end of each iteration, the customer reviews a functional deliverable. At the review, the key stakeholder provides feedback, the project team updates the project backlog of features and functions to prioritize for the next iteration, and it keeps going.
The life cycle selected impacts the way in which planning is undertaken. Predictive life cycles undertake the bulk of the planning up front and then continue to replan. Adaptive life cycles realize there are a lot of risk associated with stakeholder acceptance or the need to release a minimum viable product to the market to get feedback before developing additional features and functions. Take a look at your projects and assess which one work best.
That is your PMP in a Snap. We’ll see you again next week.